The IRS released its long-anticipated guidance today on the impact of the Windsor case to qualified retirement plans. The guidance resolves a potentially thorny issue on retroactive recognition of same-sex marriages and clarifies when plans must adopt any amendments required to comply with Windsor. Here are the highlights:
Retroactivity Permitted But Not Required. Plans are not required to recognize same-sex marriages for any period before June 26, 2013 (the date of the Windsor decision). They are permitted to designate an earlier date as of which same-sex marriages will be recognized for plan purposes, although the guidance observes that recognizing same-sex marriages for all purposes as of a date earlier than June 26, 2013 may trigger requirements that are difficult to implement retroactively and may create unintended consequences, so caution must be exercised.
Amendments May Not Be Necessary. A plan must be amended to reflect the outcome in Windsor only if the plan terms are inconsistent with Windsor. For example, a plan that defines a spouse as only a person of the opposite sex would be inconsistent with the outcome in Windsor. But a plan that merely uses the term "spouse" or "lawful spouse" without limiting it to persons of the opposite sex may be ok.
Amendment Timing. To the extent an amendment is required, it generally must be adopted by December 31, 2014. (Special rules may apply for non-calendar-year plans and governmental plans.)
Health and Welfare Plans Unaffected. This guidance addresses only retirement plans and does not impact health and welfare plans.
The IRS's notice (Notice 2014-19) outlining this guidance and providing further background is here.