The EEOC has released a proposed rule, a fact sheet, and a set of FAQs regarding the Genetic Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) and wellness plan incentives for spouses of employees.
Under the proposed rule, an employer may offer an incentive as part of a wellness plan for an employee’s spouse to provide information about the spouse’s current or past health status, so long as the wellness plan is part of a program that is reasonably designed to promote health or prevent disease. Some additional conditions must also be satisfied, including that the total incentive for the employee and the spouse must not exceed 30% of the total cost of the group health plan coverage in which the employee and spouse are enrolled and that the spouse provide a voluntary, written authorization.
This guidance is limited to programs that provide incentives for spouses to provide information about their current or past health status. It does not change existing GINA guidance that prohibits offering incentives to employees, spouses, or their children to provide their own genetic information, including family medical history.
These regulations are a companion to regulations under the ADA proposed by the EEOC earlier this year relating to wellness plan incentives offered to employees in exchange for undergoing a disability-related inquiry or medical examination. Under those regulations, employers generally may offer such incentives, so long as the amount of the incentives are limited to 30% of the total cost of employee-only coverage under the employer's group health plan.
The ADA and GINA regulations collectively move the EEOC's position on wellness incentives closer to the rules outlined in regulations issued under HIPAA and the Affordable Care Act, although there continue to be material differences between the different sets of rules. Employers that provide wellness plan incentives related to health risk assessments and biometric screenings must carefully consider all the different rules and restrictions that may apply and ensure all of them are satisfied.